OXLUMO 94,5 mg/0,5 ml (lumasiran)
Reason for request
Favourable opinion for reimbursement in the treatment of primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1) in all age groups.
What therapeutic improvement?
Therapeutic improvement in the management of the disease.
Role in the care pathway?
Conservative therapy should be initiated early, from the time a diagnosis of PH1 is suggested, in patients with preserved renal function. The aim is to maintain renal function by reducing the production of calcium oxalate, reducing urinary concentrations of calcium oxalate and inhibiting its crystallisation. The recommended conservative treatments are:
- Hyperhydration (approximately 3 L/m² per 24 h), which is an essential treatment to dilute urine, both day and night. This is a burdensome treatment approach, particularly in infants and young children, which generally requires the use of a nasogastric tube or gastrostomy to guarantee adequate hydration.
- A calcium oxalate crystallisation inhibitor (potassium citrate), as long as renal function is preserved. In the event of impaired renal function, it may be replaced by sodium citrate, adapted to the glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and plasma potassium levels.
- Pyridoxine (vitamin B6), an AGT cofactor, in responder patients, to obtain a ≥ 30% reduction in urinary oxalate excretion. All patients should be tested for reactivity to pyridoxine; however, only a subset of patients with a precise AGXT gene mutation (in particular with genotype G170Arg) is more likely to respond effectively to pyridoxine. Responder patients should continue taking pyridoxine as long-term therapy.
Reducing the intake of oxalate-rich foods is of little benefit insofar as the role of exogenous oxalate is minimal compared to endogenous over-production. Excessive vitamin C and D intake should be avoided.
When renal function deteriorates, it is recommended to consider preventive liver and kidney transplantation in patients with renal impairment at a sufficiently early stage (eGFR < 40 ml/min/1.73 m²) to prevent the complications of systemic oxalosis.
Combined liver and kidney transplantation is recommended in most patients, either simultaneously or sequentially depending on the patient’s condition and the renal function stage. However, despite its efficacy, this invasive procedure exposes patients to life-long immunosuppression and surgery-related risks.
It may nonetheless be necessary to use dialysis in certain situations, such as severe infantile forms pending organ transplantation or when preventive transplantation is not possible. In these cases, it is recommended to use high-efficiency dialysis, such as daily haemodialysis, night-time dialysis or a combination of daily haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Dialysis may also be recommended during and after organ transplantation in patients with systemic oxalosis and/or an inadequate urine output at the start of the post-transplantation period.
Role of the medicinal product in the care pathway
OXLUMO (lumasiran) is a first-line therapy in the treatment of primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1) in all age groups. It is the only medicinal product to have an MA in this indication in France.
According to the SPC, treatment with lumasiran increases plasma glycolate levels, which may increase the risk of metabolic acidosis or worsening of pre-existing metabolic acidosis in patients with severe or end-stage renal disease. These patients should therefore be monitored for signs and symptoms of metabolic acidosis.
The Committee deems that the clinical benefit of OXLUMO (lumasiran) is substantial in the MA indication.
Clinical Added Value
the Committee considers that OXLUMO (lumasiran) provides a moderate clinical added value (CAV III) in the current care pathway for primary hyperoxaluria type 1.
Ce produit a fait l'objet d'un avis économique rendu par la Commission d'évaluation économique et de santé publique le 11 mai 2021. L’avis économique porte sur une indication superposable à celle demandée au remboursement, à savoir le traitement de l’hyperoxalurie primitive de type 1 dans tous les groupes d’âge.
- Sous les hypothèses retenues par l’industriel, lumasiran est associé à un RDCR de 2 429 397 € par QALY gagné (6 621 794 €/AV gagnée) versus les meilleurs soins de support sur un horizon vie entière ;
- Bien que ces résultats couvrent la totalité de la demande de remboursement, il existe cependant une forte incertitude concernant les patients avec un stade d’IR égal ou supérieur à 4 (estimés à environ 30 % de la population cible) pour lesquels les données d’efficacité du produit sont manquantes.
> OXLUMO - Avis économique (pdf)